PSHCE Curriculum

The PSHCE topics covered have been chosen in relation to the statutory 2019 guidance for Relationships Education, Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) and Health Education (https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/changes-to-personal-social-health-and-economic-pshe-and-relationships-and-sex-education-rse) and the teaching of political systems and fundamental British Values.

PSHCE illustration

Year 3

Week 1

Outcome

  • To explain how friendships support wellbeing of others

 

Revision

  • To discuss how we can live at peace with each other in the playground

 

Vocabulary

  • mental health, wellbeing, emotions, friendships

Week 2

Outcome

  • To explain how people choose and make friends

 

Revision

  • To discuss the beliefs and practices of other people with respect

 

Vocabulary

  • common, interests, beliefs, development, friendship

Week 3

Outcome

  • To recognise how to manage friendships

 

Revision

  • To respectfully listen to and discuss opinions that may be different to your own

 

Vocabulary

  • regulation, management, friendships, emotions, disagreements

Week 4

Outcome

  • To recognise that healthy friendships are welcoming towards others and do not make others feel lonely or excluded

 

Revision

  • To listen to and talk about how we celebrate different festivals

 

Vocabulary

  • inclusion, welcoming, lonely, exclusion, opportunity

Week 5

Outcome

  • To recognise the importance of permission-seeking and giving in relationships with friends, peers and adults

 

Revision

  • To discuss how to be a good friend

 

Vocabulary

  • permission, choice, acceptance, safe

Week 6

Outcome

  • To know the conventions of courtesy and manners, including table manners

 

Revision

  • To discuss how to be a good friend

 

Vocabulary

  • courtesy, manners, politeness

Week 7

Outcome

  • To identify the characteristics of a healthy family life

 

Revision

  • To explore how we can represent our school

 

Vocabulary

  • family, closeness, belonging, safety, love

Week 1

Outcome

  • To identify how families care and support each other

 

Revision

  • To explore how we can share ideas and listen to each other

 

Vocabulary

  • support, aid, family, inclusion

Week 2

Outcome

  • To describe the importance of spending together and shared experiences in family life

 

  • To assess knowledge and understanding of how we can be a good friend and what families are like

 

Revision

  • To know how to express my opinions

 

Vocabulary

  • experience, opportunity, shared moments

Week 3

Outcome

  • To explain what is meant by monarchy

 

Revision

  • To know the importance in taking turns to speak and to listen

 

Vocabulary

  • sovereign, hereditary, succession, absolute, constitutional

Week 4

Outcome

  • To compare historic monarchies

 

Revision

  • To recognise that people may have different opinions

 

Vocabulary

  • monarch, king, emperor, Kaiser, Tsar

Week 5

Outcome

  • To recognise features of modern monarchies

 

Revision

  • To listen to and respect the differing views and opinions of other people

 

Vocabulary

  • constitutional, heir, abdicate, republic, reign

Week 6

Outcome

  • To identify powerful monarchies in the world today

 

Revision

  • To listen to each other and to be able to disagree respectfully

 

Vocabulary

  • absolute, dynasty, family, decree

Week 7

Outcome

  • To discuss the future role of monarchy
  • To assess my knowledge and understanding of monarchy

 

Revision

  • To discuss how we can respond when people have differing opinions to us

 

Vocabulary

  • monarchists, republicans, referendum, constitutional, absolute

Week 1

Outcome

  • To discuss how risks can be controlled

 

Revision

  • To discuss what New Year’s resolutions are

 

Vocabulary

  • hazard, risk, danger, control, balance

Week 2

Outcome

  • To use strategies to respond to negative pressure from peers and adults

 

Revision

  • To discuss that we can’t always have what we want

 

Vocabulary

  • strategies, pressure, unsafe, unhealthy, inappropriate

Week 3

Outcome

  • To respond safely and appropriately to adults they may encounter (in all contexts, including online) whom they do not know

 

Revision

  • To respond safely and appropriately to adults they may encounter (in all contexts, including online) whom they do not know

 

Vocabulary

  • reaction, response, trust, safe

Week 4

Outcome

  • To recognise that safety and privacy are rights
  • PANTS rule NSPCC

 

Revision

  • To discuss what values are

 

Vocabulary

  • rights, safety, privacy, choice

Week 5

Outcome

  • To know how to report concerns or abuse, and the vocabulary and confidence needed to do so

 

Revision

  • To discuss what the most important values in our lives are

 

Vocabulary

  • abuse, neglect

Week 6

Outcome

  • To know how to recognise and report feelings of being unsafe or feeling bad about any adult
  • To assess knowledge and understanding about what keeps us safe

 

Revision

  • To explore how to be a good friends

 

Vocabulary

  • seeking help, unsafe

Week 1

Outcome

  • To discuss and compare different groups and their values, within my community

 

Revision

  • To discuss whether it is easy to be kind

 

Vocabulary

  • groups, belonging, inclusion, private, community

Week 2

Outcome

  • To know what a stereotype is, and how communities can be unfairly stereotyped

 

Revision

  • To discuss how to keep clean

 

Vocabulary

  • bias, stereotype, unfair, assumption

Week 3

Outcome

  • To analyse different communities within society

 

Revision

  • To identify what makes a loyal friend

 

Vocabulary

  • groups, belonging, faiths, community, clubs

Week 4

Outcome

  • To explain how communities help to make everyone feel included

 

Revision

  • To explore what ‘Doing the right thing’ means

 

Vocabulary

  • inclusion, positivity, groups, belonging

Week 5

Outcome

  • To explore the meaning of respectful behaviour within our community

 

Revision

  • To explore how easy it is to forgive somebody

 

Vocabulary

  • tolerance, acceptance, empowerment, respect

Week 6

Outcome

  • To identify a range of actions that impact different communities
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of what makes a community

 

Revision

  • To explore whether god can come out of suffering

 

Vocabulary

  • impact, consequence, actions

Week 1

Outcome

  • To identify key aspects of physical health and hygiene routines

 

Revision

  • To identify how to be a gracious loser

 

Vocabulary

  • nutrition, exercise, sleep, hydration, hygiene

Week 2

Outcome

  • To illustrate the importance of a balanced diet

 

Revision

  • To identify how to celebrate the successes of others

 

Vocabulary

  • nutrition, portions, vitamins, minerals, variety

Week 3

Outcome

  • To recognise the importance of oral hygiene

 

Revision

  • To discuss how to care for living creatures

 

Vocabulary

  • hydration, challenge, joints, activity, muscles

Week 4

Outcome

  • To justify the health benefits of physical activity

 

Revision

  • To explore how we can do our best

 

Vocabulary

  • hydration, challenge, joints, activity, muscles

Week 5

Outcome

  • To summarise health benefits and routines around sleep

 

  • To assess knowledge and understanding of health and well-being

 

Revision

  • To discuss what customs and beliefs are

 

Vocabulary

  • rest, repair, reset, habits, environment

Week 6

Outcome

  • To make healthy lifestyle choices

 

Revision

  • To respect the customs and beliefs of others

 

Vocabulary

  • choices, exercise, sleep, nutrition, hygiene

Week 1

Outcome

  • To examine the right of freedom of expression

 

Revision

  • To respect the beliefs of other people

 

Vocabulary

  • freedom, expression, speech, ideas, opinion

Week 2

Outcome

  • To explain the meanings of key freedoms

 

Revision

  • To respect the property of other people

 

Vocabulary

  • individual, liberty, meeting, movement, religion

Week 3

Outcome

  • To explain the importance of the Magna Carta

 

Revision

  • To explore how beliefs can be significant to people of other faiths

 

Vocabulary

  • development, Magna Carta, human rights

Week 4

Outcome

  • To illustrate Human Rights

 

Revision

  • To explore how objects can be significant to people of other faiths

 

Vocabulary

  • universal, equality, Freedom, Human Rights, United Nations

Week 5

Outcome

  • To recognise rights in real life situations

 

Revision

  • To explore the concept of ‘moving on’

 

Vocabulary

  • rights, opinions, collaboration, rules

Week 6

Outcome

  • To discuss the future of individual liberty in Britain

 

Revision

  • To explore the concept of ‘moving on’

 

Vocabulary

  • future, Britain, individual liberty

Relationships

Year 3 start by studying Relationships Education covering the age appropriate outcomes that are statutory as per the 2019 government guidance. This includes forging and maintaining positive friendships. This is vital to Year 3 as the children are new to the Junior School and their friendships are likely to have changed from KS1. As part of the topic of Relationships Education, Year 3 will also study the characteristics of a healthy family life and how families support each other.

Monarchy

Year 3 study the political system of monarchy discussing the future of modern monarchy and the future of the monarchy, this forms part of the citizenship element of PSHCE.

Safety

Next, Year 3 will consider the topic of ‘being safe’. The sequence of learning and learning objectives for this topic have been taken from the government guidance and made age appropriate. These studies will examine the correct responses to negatives pressures and adults they may not know. Pupils will also study knowing how to report concerns or abuse, and will be equipped with the vocabulary and confidence needed to do so as well as recognising feelings of being unsafe around certain adults. As they are important issues, these topics are revisited throughout the entire PSHCE program of study.

Living in the Wider World

Year 3 will also discuss the concept of living in the wider world and integral to these studies is the examination of stereotypes, communities and respectful behaviour.

Hygiene and Well-being

Children will build upon their knowledge of hygiene and will examine physical well-being encompassing dental hygiene and why it is important to eat and sleep well.

Individual Liberty

Finally, in Year 3, pupils explore the Fundamental British Value of individual liberty. This is because, as set out by the government’s 2014 prevent strategy, all schools have a duty to ‘actively promote’ the fundamental British values.

Autumn 1

Relationships

  • How can we be a good friend and what are families like?

Autumn 2

What is a Monarchy? book cover

Democracy and Understanding Different Political Systems

  • What is monarchy?

Spring 1

Health and Well-being

  • What keeps us safe?

Spring 2

Living in the Wider World

  • What makes a community?

Summer 1

Health and Well-being

  • Why should we eat well and look after our teeth? 
  • Why should we keep active and sleep well?

Summer 2

Individual Liberty book cover

Preparing to Play an Active Role as Citizens

  • What is individual liberty?

Year 4

Week 1

Outcome

  • To demonstrate how behaviour affects myself and others, including online behaviour

 

Revision

  • To explain how friendships support wellbeing of us and others

 

Vocabulary

  • cyber, impact, behaviour, attitude, instinct

Week 2

Outcome

  • To explain how being polite and courteous in different situations and recognise the respectful behaviour that should be received

 

Revision

  • To explain how people, choose and make friends

 

Vocabulary

  • manners, polite, courtesy, civility

Week 3

Outcome

  • To know about different types of bullying (including cyberbullying)

 

Revision

  • To recognise how to manage problems in friendships

 

Vocabulary

  • bullying, bystanders, cyber bullying, friendships

Week 4

Outcome

  • To describe the impact of bullying and responsibilities of bystanders (primarily reporting bullying to an adult) and how to get help

 

Revision

  • To recognise that healthy friendships are welcoming towards others, and do not make others feel lonely or excluded

 

Vocabulary

  • bullying, bystanders, cyber bullying, friendships, reporting

Week 5

Outcome

  • To evaluate why it is important to ensure that everyone feels included

 

Revision

  • To recognise the importance of permission- seeking and giving in relationships with friends, peers and adults

 

Vocabulary

  • inclusion, belonging, acceptance, kindness

Week 6

Outcome

  • To role play appropriate responses to different negative behaviours

 

Revision

  • To know the conventions of courtesy and manners, including table manners

 

Vocabulary

  • behaviour, positive, negative

Week 7

Outcome

  • To know about the concept of privacy and the implications, including that it is not always right to keep secrets if they relate to being safe

 

Revision

  • To identify the characteristics of a healthy family life

 

Vocabulary

  • privacy, safety, rights, secrets

Week 1

Outcome

  • To know how the same principles apply to online relationships as to face-to-face relationships, including the importance of respect for others online including when we are anonymous

 

Revision

  • To identify how families care and support each other

 

Vocabulary

  • relationships, respect, friendships, tolerance, anonymous

Week 2

Outcome

  • To know that people sometimes behave differently online, including by pretending to be someone they are not
  • To assess knowledge of relationships and respect

 

Revision

  • To describe the importance of spending together and shared experiences in family life

 

Vocabulary

  • trolling, online, pretending, behaviours

Week 3

Outcome

  • To describe the structure of UK Parliament

 

Revision

  • To explain what is meant by monarchy

 

Vocabulary

  • representative, Lord, monarch, opposition, government

Week 4

Outcome

  • To compare the Houses of Commons and House of Lords

 

Revision

  • To compare historic monarchies

 

Vocabulary

  • MPs, peers, debate, elected, appointed

Week 5

Outcome

  • To recap general elections and compare voting systems

 

Revision

  • To recognise features of modern monarchies

 

Vocabulary

  • polling, candidates, manifesto, vote, majority

Week 6

Outcome

  • To discuss how parliament makes laws

 

Revision

  • To identify powerful monarchies in the world today

 

Vocabulary

  • bill, act, scrutiny, Royal Assent, debate

Week 7

Outcome

  • To compare parliamentary and presidential government
  • To assess my knowledge of parliamentary government

 

Revision

  • To discuss the future role of monarchy

 

Vocabulary

  • president, government, republic, monarchy, head of state

Week 1

Outcome

  • To recognise qualities that make people unique

 

Revision

  • To discuss how risks can be controlled

 

Vocabulary

  • personality, beliefs, values, skills, interests

Week 2

Outcome

  • To illustrate the importance of self-esteem and how to maintain it

 

Revision

  • To use strategies to respond to negative pressure from peers and adults

 

Vocabulary

  • esteem, confidence, promote, maintain, well being

Week 3

Outcome

  • To analyse personal qualities and achievements

 

Revision

  • To respond safely and appropriately to adults they may encounter (in all contexts, including online) whom they do not know

 

Vocabulary

  • analyse, improve, yet, apply, mind-set, positive

Week 4

Outcome

  • To set goals with achievable steps

 

Revision

  • To recognise that safety and privacy are rights

 

Vocabulary

  • step, goal, dream, achievements, self-esteem

Week 5

Outcome

  • To use strategies to overcome set-backs

 

Revision

  • To know how to report concerns or abuse, and the vocabulary and confidence needed to do so

 

Vocabulary

  • set-back, overcome, resilience, re-frame, mind-set

Week 6

Outcome

  • To assess knowledge and understanding of health and well-being and review goals for the end of year 4

 

Revision

  • To know how to recognise and report feelings of being unsafe or feeling bad about any adult

 

Vocabulary

  • plan, achieve, set back, anticipate, comeback

Week 1

Outcome

  • To explain how people, have a shared responsibility to help protect the world around them

 

Revision

  • To discuss and compare different groups and their values, within my community

 

Vocabulary

  • environment, Earth, responsibility, pollution, protection

Week 2

Outcome

  • To describe how everyday choices can affect the environment

 

Revision

  • To know what a stereotype is, and how communities can be unfairly stereotyped

 

Vocabulary

  • environment, Earth, protection, sustainable, biodegradable, eco-friendly

Week 3

Outcome

  • To recognise how what people choose to buy or spend money on can affect others or the environment (e.g. Fairtrade, single use plastics, giving to charity)

 

Revision

  • To analyse different communities within society

 

Vocabulary

  • fair-trade, biodegradable, single use plastics

Week 4

Outcome

  • To know how to care and show concern for others (people and animals)

 

Revision

  • To explain how communities help to make everyone feel included

 

Vocabulary

  • animals, equality, humans, PETA

Week 5

Outcome

  • To know how to carry out personal responsibilities in a caring and compassionate way

 

Revision

  • To explore the meaning of respectful behaviour within our community

 

Vocabulary

  • responsibility, caring, compassion, duty

Week 6

Outcome

  • To assess knowledge and understanding of how our choices make a difference

 

Revision

  • To identify a range of actions that impact different communities

 

Vocabulary

  • environment, Earth, responsibility, protection

Week 1

Outcome

  • To discuss what emotions and feelings are and how they arise

 

Revision

  • To identify key aspects of physical health and hygiene routines

 

Vocabulary

  • reaction, physical, mental, control, mixed

Week 2

Outcome

  • To develop strategies for expressing feelings and use suitable vocabulary to describe feelings

 

Revision

  • To illustrate the importance of a balanced diet

 

Vocabulary

  • constructive, destructive, empathy, understanding, privacy

Week 3

Outcome

  • To recognise that feelings and emotions change

 

Revision

  • To recognise the importance of oral hygiene

 

Vocabulary

  • response, intensity, experience, reaction, sensitivity

Week 4

Outcome

  • To develop strategies for coping with loss and change

 

Revision

  • To justify the health benefits of physical activity

 

Vocabulary

  • mind-set, support, grief, action, experience

Week 5

Outcome

  • To manage everyday feelings
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of how we can manage our feelings

 

Revision

  • To summarise health benefits and routines around sleep

 

Vocabulary

  • control, action, consequences, regulation, managing

Week 6

Outcome

  • To practise emotional intelligence – recognition and appropriate reaction to emotions

 

Revision

  • To make healthy lifestyle choices

 

Vocabulary

  • emotional intelligence, empathy, support, reaction, sensitivity

Week 1

Outcome

  • To discuss the development of UK democracy

 

Revision

  • To examine the right of freedom of expression

 

Vocabulary

  • Magna Carta, Levellers, taxation, Suffragettes, representation

Week 2

Outcome

  • To examine how decisions are made in UK democracy

 

Revision

  • To explain the meanings of key freedoms

 

Vocabulary

  • representative, tax, budget, department, councillors

Week 3

Outcome

  • To demonstrate how debate works in Parliament

 

Revision

  • To explain the importance of the Magna Carta

 

Vocabulary

  • bill, act, monitor, proposer, oppose

Week 4

Outcome

  • To demonstrate how elections work

 

Revision

  • To illustrate Human Rights

 

Vocabulary

  • election, voting, ballot, government, opposition

Week 5

Outcome

  • To debate fairness in a democracy

 

Revision

  • To examine children’s special rights

 

Vocabulary

  • equality, equity, majority, minority, participation

Week 6

Outcome

  • To make a decision democratically

 

Revision

  • To recognise rights in real life situations

 

Vocabulary

  • debate, opinion, election, voting, participation

Week 7

Outcome

  • To discuss the development of UK democracy

 

Revision

  • To discuss the future of individual liberty in Britain

 

Vocabulary

  • democracy, change, development, future

Relationships

In Year 4 the statutory guidance states that pupils should learn about treating others with respect. Building on their knowledge of respect from Year 3, pupils in Year 4 will discuss what respectful relationships are as well as exploring what bullying is (including cyber bullying).

Democracy

Year 4 will also look at the political system of parliamentary government and democracy also fulfilling the requirement to teach Fundamental British Values.

Strengths, Skills and Interests

In order to prepare the pupils for later life, in Year 4, pupils will study the importance of strengths, skills and interests. They will use this information to ascertain how to set achievable goals and overcome potential setbacks.

 

Building on this, Year 4 will examine how our choices can make a difference to others and the environment, particularly thinking about how we have respectful and caring relationships in which we re compassionate to others.

Managing Emotions

As the pupils come to the end of the year they will learn about managing emotions and will be equipped with the vocabulary to express how they manage emotions. This will prepare them for their learning in Year 5 about the changing adolescent body and how hormones can cause emotional changes also.

Autumn 1

Relationships

  • How do we treat each other with respect?

Autumn 2

What is a Parliamentary Government? book cover

Democracy and Understanding Different Political Systems

  • What is parliamentary government?

Spring 1

Health and Well-being

  • What strengths, skills and interests do we have?

Spring 2

Living in the Wider World

  • How can our choices make a difference to others and the environment?

Summer 1

Health and Well-being

  • How can we manage our feelings?

Summer 2

Democracy book cover

Preparing to Play an Active Role as Citizens

  • What is democracy?

Year 5

Week 1

Outcome

  • To compare different types of relationships

 

Revision

  • To demonstrate how behaviour affects myself and others, including online behaviour

 

Vocabulary

  • professional, online, personal, family, friendships

Week 2

Outcome

  • To distinguish how friends and family communicate together and explain why this is important

 

Revision

  • To explain how being polite and courteous in different situations and recognise the respectful behaviour that should be received

 

Vocabulary

  • communication, online, face-to-face

Week 3

Outcome

  • To critique the term “know somebody”

 

Revision

  • To know about different types of bullying (including cyberbullying)

 

Vocabulary

  • friends, family, friendly strangers, acquaintance

Week 4

Outcome

  • France residential and Harvest Festival rehearsal

Week 5

Outcome

  • To know the rules and principles for keeping safe online, how to recognise risks, harmful content and contact, and how to report them

 

Revision

  • To evaluate why it is important to ensure that everyone feels included

 

Vocabulary

  • online safety, content, fact checking

Week 6

Outcome

  • To know how to critically consider their online friendships and sources of information including awareness of the risks associated with people they have never met

 

Revision

  • To role play appropriate responses to different negative behaviour

 

Vocabulary

  • sources, GDPR, online content

Week 7

Outcome

  • To know how to ask for advice or help for themselves or others, and to keep trying until they are heard

 

  • To assess knowledge and understanding of relationships

 

Revision

  • To know about the concept of privacy and the implications, including that it is not always right to keep secrets if they relate to being safe

 

Vocabulary

  • support, help, benefits, response, assistance

Week 1

Outcome

  • To know how information and data is shared and used online

 

Revision

  • To know how the same principles apply to online relationships as to face-to-face relationships, including the importance of respect for others online including when we are anonymous

 

Vocabulary

  • data collection, sharing information, cookies

Week 2

Outcome

  • To recognise early signs of physical ill health, including weight loss and unexplained changes

 

Revision

  • To know that people sometimes behave differently online, including by pretending to be someone they are not

 

Vocabulary

  • Illness, ill-health, worries, changes

Week 3

Outcome

  • To understand how bacteria and viruses are spread and treated

 

Revision

  • To describe the structure of UK Parliament

 

Vocabulary

  • bacteria, virus, illness, infection, rate of infection, hygiene

Week 4

Outcome

  • To understand the basic facts and science behind vaccinations and immunisations

 

Revision

  • To compare the Houses of Commons and Lords

 

Vocabulary

  • vaccination, immunisation, protection, antibodies, immune system

Week 5

Outcome

  • To understand the facts and science behind allergies

 

Revision

  • To recap general elections and compare voting systems

 

Vocabulary

  • allergy, intolerance, anaphylaxis, immune system, antibodies

Week 6

Outcome

  • To know about safe and unsafe exposure to the sun, including how to reduce the risk of sun damage and skin cancer

 

Revision

  • To discuss how parliament makes laws

 

Vocabulary

  • UV rays, sun damage, skin cancer, risks, dangers, sun burn

Week 7

Outcome

  • To know how to make a clear and efficient call to emergency services if necessary

 

Revision

  • To compare parliamentary and presidential government

 

Vocabulary

  • 999, fire service, police, ambulance, emergency

Week 1

Outcome

  • To know the basics of first aid for dealing with common injuries including head injuries

 

Revision

  • To illustrate the importance of self- esteem and how to maintain it

 

Vocabulary

  • head injury, first aid, concussion

Week 2

Outcome

  • To explain factors that make up a person’s identity

 

Revision

  • To recognise qualities that make people unique

 

Vocabulary

  • unique, aspect, values,respect, self

Week 3

Outcome

  • To recognise similarities and differences in people’s identities

 

Revision

  • To analyse personal qualities and achievements

 

Vocabulary

  • common, aspects, similarities, differences, respect

Week 4

Outcome

  • To question the factual accuracy of stereotypes

 

Revision

  • To set goals with achievable steps

 

Vocabulary

  • culture, generalisations, truth, discrimination, bias

Week 5

Outcome

  • To challenge assumptions about others

 

Revision

  • To use strategies to overcome set-backs

 

Vocabulary

  • challenge, respond, discrimination, assertive

Week 6

Outcome

  • To assess knowledge and understanding of identity

 

Revision

  • To discuss misconceptions from the assessment

 

Vocabulary

  • identity, qualities, personal, attributes

Week 1

Outcome

  • To know when puberty might start and the role of changing hormones

 

Revision

  • To discuss what emotions and feelings are and how they arise

 

Vocabulary

  • puberty, change, hormones, oestrogen, testosterone

Week 2

Outcome

  • To know the changes to a boy’s body in puberty

 

Revision

  • To develop strategies for expressing feelings and use suitable vocabulary to describe feelings

 

Vocabulary

  • penis, testicle, sperm, erections, ejaculations

Week 3

Outcome

  • To know the changes to  girl’s body in puberty

 

Revision

  • To recognise that feelings and emotions change

 

Vocabulary

  • breasts, genitalia, discharge, menstruation, weight gain

Week 4

Outcome

  • To understand what menstruation is

 

Revision

  • To develop strategies for coping with loss and change

 

Vocabulary

  • menstrual cycle, uterus, cervix, vagina, menstrual products

Week 5

Outcome

  • To understand the changes in emotions and behaviour

 

Revision

  • To manage everyday feelings

 

Vocabulary

  • hormones, stress, regulation, emotions, cortisol

Week 6

Outcome

  • To understand how to stay healthy during puberty through exercise, nutrition and sleep

 

Revision

  • To practise emotional intelligence – recognition and appropriate reaction to emotions

 

Vocabulary

  • calcium, melatonin, iron, vitamin D, routine, exercise

Week 1

Outcome

  • To recognise what makes something valuable for money

 

Revision

  • To explain how people have a shared responsibility to help protect the world around them

 

Vocabulary

  • money, interest, savings, account, value

Week 2

Outcome

  • To identify different methods of tracking finances and savings

 

Revision

  • To describe how everyday choices can affect the environment

 

Vocabulary

  • finances, income, savings, borrowing, budgeting

Week 3

Outcome

  • To analyse how money can affect people’s feelings and emotions

 

Revision

  • To recognise how what people choose to buy or spend money on can affect others or the environment

 

Vocabulary

  • debt, payments, emotions, wellbeing, mental health

Week 4

Outcome

  • To understand how retailers try to influence our spending

 

Revision

  • To know how to care and show concern for others (people and animals)

 

Vocabulary

  • retail, finances, income, influence, spending

Week 5

Outcome

  • To recognise the risks associated with money

 

Revision

  • To know how to carry out personal responsibilities in a caring and compassionate way

 

Vocabulary

  • risk, debt, spending, borrowing

Week 6

Outcome

  • To analyse how our economy works and is sustained
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of decisions people can make with money and jobs would like

 

Revision

  • To know how to carry out personal responsibilities in a caring and compassionate way

 

Vocabulary

  • economy, finances, spending, saving

Week 1

Outcome

  • To know what is meant by obeying the law

 

Revision

  • To discuss the development of UK democracy

 

Vocabulary

  • order, safety, citizen, decree, abide

Week 2

Outcome

  • To recall how laws are created

 

Revision

  • To examine how decisions are made in UK democracy

 

Vocabulary

  • bill, majority, Royal Assent, parliament

Week 3

Outcome

  • To compare different kinds of rules and laws

 

Revision

  • To demonstrate how debates work in Parliament

 

Vocabulary

  • civil, criminal, justice, supreme, crown

Week 4

Outcome

  • To explain how the justice system works

 

Revision

  • To demonstrate how elections work

 

Vocabulary

  • trial, criminal, judicial, punishment, offence

Week 5

Outcome

  • To recognise law around us

 

Revision

  • To debate fairness in a democracy

 

Vocabulary

  • justice, police, safety, behaviour, society

Week 6

Outcome

  • To examine real laws around us
  • To assess my knowledge and understanding of the rule of law

 

Revision

  • To make a decision democratically

 

Vocabulary

  • justice, police, safety, behaviour, society

Week 7

Outcome

  • To know what is meant by obeying the law

 

Revision

  • To discuss the development of UK democracy

 

Vocabulary

  • justice, behaviour, criminal, police, jail

Relationships

When studying Relationships Education, Year 5 will begin by comparing the different types of relationships, which leads into their studies on online safety.  As Year 5 is an age whereby the pupils are using the Internet more this is an appropriate place for a unit of online safety lessons to be placed.

First Aid, Emergency and Health

Year 5 will also discuss basic first aid skills such as how to make an emergency call and the potential effects of sun exposure. Pupils will also discuss important issues such as the facts and science behind immunisations, vaccinations and allergies. As is pertinent at the time of writing this with the COVID-19 outbreak – Year 5 will also have a specific lesson on how bacteria and viruses are spread and treated.

Economy

As the E in PSHCE stands for economics, Year 5 pupils will explore money in a number of ways. They will investigate how one can track and save money, how money can affect a person’s emotions and the risks that can be associated with money.

The Changing Adolescent Body

In Year 5, pupils will study the changing adolescent body. The sequence of learning for this comes from the Department of Education’s training resources for this unit.

Rule of Law

Finally, Year 5 will explore the rule of law as a fundamental British value.

Autumn 1

Relationships

  • How can friends communicate safely?

Autumn 2

What is a Decomcracy? book cover

Democracy and understanding different political systems

  • What is democracy?

Spring 1

Health and well-being

  • What makes up our identity?

Spring 2

Living in the Wider World

  • What decisions can people make with money?

Summer 1

Health and Well-being

  • How do we change and grow?

Summer 2

Obeying the Law book cover

Preparing to Play an Active Role as Citizens

  • What is the rule of law?

Year 6

Week 1

Outcome

  • To explain how adults can choose to be part of a committed relationship or not, including marriage or civil partnership

 

Revision

  • To critique the term ‘to know somebody’

 

Vocabulary

  • marriage, cohabiting, civil partnership, commitment

Week 2

Outcome

  • To assess some of the laws that are involved in marriage and explain their importance

 

Revision

  • To know how to ask for advice or help for themselves or others, and to keep trying until they are heard

 

Vocabulary

  • legal, laws, rights

Week 3

Outcome

  • To know that others’ families sometimes look different from our family, but that they should respect those differences

 

Revision

  • To compare different types of relationships

 

Vocabulary

  • LGBT, single-parent, nuclear family, diversity

Week 4

Outcome

  • To know that stable, caring relationships, which may be of different types, are at the heart of happy families, and are important for children’s security as they grow up

 

Revision

  • To distinguish how friends and family communicate together and explain why this is important

 

Vocabulary

  • responsibility, safe, security, protected

Week 5

Outcome

  • To know how to recognise if family relationships are making them feel unhappy or unsafe, and how to seek help or advice

 

Revision

  • To know the rules and principles for keeping safe online, how to recognise risks, harmful content and contact, and how to report them

 

Vocabulary

  • unsafe, unhappy, abuse, domestic

Week 6

Outcome

  • To know about the benefits of rationing time spent online and the risk of excessive time spent on electronic devices

 

Revision

  • To know how to critically consider their online friendships and sources of information (include awareness of the risks associated with people they have never met)

 

Vocabulary

  • online, content, digital, devices

Week 7

Outcome

  • To consider the effect of their online actions upon others and how to display respectful behaviour online

 

Revision

  • To know how information and data is shared and used online

 

Vocabulary

  • cyber bullying, respect, technology

Week 1

Outcome

  • To recognise changes, independence and increased responsibility as we age

 

Revision

  • To recognise early signs of physical ill health, including weight loss and unexplained changes

 

Vocabulary

  • responsibility, laws, independence

Week 2

Outcome

  • To explain how and when to seek help about lifestyle changes
  • To assess knowledge of marriage, family and becoming more independent

 

Revision

  • To understand how bacteria and viruses are spread and treated

 

Vocabulary

  • assistance, aid, lifestyle, choices

Week 3

Outcome

  • To discuss what is meant by socialism

 

Revision

  • To understand the basic facts and science behind vaccinations and immunisations

 

Vocabulary

  • fairness, capitalism, equality, communism

Week 4

Outcome

  • To describe the development of socialism

 

Revision

  • To understand the facts and science behind allergies

 

Vocabulary

  • public ownership, public services, central planning

Week 5

Outcome

  • To compare different types of socialism

 

Revision

  • To know about safe and unsafe exposure to the sun, including how to reduce the risk of sun damage and skin cancer

 

Vocabulary

  • revolutionary, socialism, democratic socialism

Week 6

Outcome

  • To describe how socialism works and does not work

 

Revision

  • To know how to make a clear and efficient call to emergency services if necessary

 

Vocabulary

  • dictatorship, regime, communism

Week 7

Outcome

  • To discuss life under socialism
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of socialism

 

Revision

  • To know the basics of first aid for dealing with common injuries including head injuries

 

Vocabulary

  • taxation, profit, economic

Week 1

Outcome

  • To recognise that for many people the internet is an integral part of their life and has many benefits

 

Revision

  • To explain factors that make up a person’s identity

 

Vocabulary

  • online, technology, digital, information

Week 2

Outcome

  • To understand that information from search engines is ranked, selected and targeted

 

Revision

  • To recognise similarities and differences in people’s identities

 

Vocabulary

  • search engine, data, cookies, website

Week 3

Outcome

  • To realise that the internet can be a negative place where trolling, abuse and harassment can take place which can have an impact on mental health

 

Revision

  • To recall what a stereotype is

 

Vocabulary

  • trolling, harassment, abuse, cyber bullying, wellbeing

Week 4

Outcome

  • To know that online relationships are different to face-to-face relationships and the risks associated with people they have never met

 

Revision

  • To know that online relationships are different to face-to-face relationships and the risks associated with people they have never met

 

Vocabulary

  • online, communication, risks

Week 5

Outcome

  • To understand the importance of keeping information private online

 

Revision

  • To challenge assumptions about others

 

Vocabulary

  • password, protection, privacy, online safety

Week 6

Outcome

  • To know where and how to report concerns and get support with issues online

 

Revision

  • To challenge assumptions about others

 

Vocabulary

  • To challenge assumptions about others

Week 1

Outcome

  • To analyse different rules of social media and its importance

 

Revision

  • To recognise what makes something valuable for money

 

Vocabulary

  • social media, communication

Week 2

Outcome

  • To interpret different messages from the media and how they can influence decision making

 

Revision

  • To identify different methods of tracking finances and savings

 

Vocabulary

  • media, fake news, bias, decision making, influence

Week 3

Outcome

  • To evaluate the reliability of different types of content online

 

Revision

  • To analyse how money can affect people’s feelings and emotions

 

Vocabulary

  • fake news, media, bias, browser, reliability

Week 4

Outcome

  • To explain the important of decision making when viewing content online

 

Revision

  • To understand how retailers try to influence our spending

 

Vocabulary

  • internet, decision making

Week 5

Outcome

  • To discuss and understand how to respond to information viewed online

 

Revision

  • To recognise the risks associated with money

 

Vocabulary

  • messages, media, decision making

Week 6

Outcome

  • To identify and explore how the media can affect an individual’s wellbeing
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of how the media can influence people?

 

Revision

  • To analyse how our economy works and is sustained

 

Vocabulary

  • consequences, wellbeing, positives, negatives, mental health

Week 1

Outcome

  • To identify the risks associated with an inactive lifestyle, including obesity, and the characteristics, including mental benefits of an active lifestyle

 

Revision

  • To know when puberty might start and the role of changing hormones

 

Vocabulary

  • obesity, lifestyle, mental well-being, active

Week 2

Outcome

  • To know how to build exercise into daily and weekly routines and how to achieve this

 

Revision

  • To know the changes to a boy’s body in puberty

 

Vocabulary

  • exercise, routine, benefits

Week 3

Outcome

  • To know how to seek support including which adults to speak to in school if they are worried about their physical or mental health

 

Revision

  • To know the changes to girl’s body in puberty

 

Vocabulary

  • wellbeing, mental health, physical health, trusted adult

Week 4

Outcome

  • To summarise the purpose, applications and effects of legal drugs

 

Revision

  • To understand what menstruation is

 

Vocabulary

  • legal, medication, prescription, pharmacist, over the counter

Week 5

Outcome

  • To explain associated risks of harmful substances

 

Revision

  • To understand the changes in emotions and behaviour

 

Vocabulary

  • alcohol, caffeine, drugs, illegal, nicotine, addiction

Week 6

Outcome

  • To identify features and effects of drug addiction
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of how to achieve a healthy lifestyle

 

Revision

  • To understand how to stay healthy during puberty through exercise, nutrition and sleep

 

Vocabulary

  • addiction, illness, reliance, stimulant

Week 1

Outcome

  • To explain the development of tolerance and respect in the UK

 

Revision

  • To know what is meant by obeying the law

 

Vocabulary

  • peace, acceptance, values, diversity, community

Week 2

Outcome

  • To examine how words matter

 

Revision

  • To recall how laws are created

 

Vocabulary

  • online, audience, choice, freedom, offence

Week 3

Rhos y Gwaliau

Week 4

Outcome

  • To dramatise respect for appearance and how we speak

 

Revision

  • To compare different kinds of rules and laws

 

Vocabulary

  • attire, expression, impression, impact, subliminal

Week 5

Outcome

  • To compare respect for beliefs now and in the past

 

Revision

  • To explain how the justice system works

 

Vocabulary

  • change, historical, tolerance, respect, opinions

Week 6

Outcome

  • To recognise respect at home and at work
  • To assess my knowledge of tolerance and respect

 

Revision

  • To recognise law around us

 

Vocabulary

  • peace, harmony, behaviour, attitude

Week 7

Outcome

  • To discuss intergenerational respect

 

Revision

  • To examine real laws around us

 

Vocabulary

  • intergenerational, honour, care, kindness

Social Media

As the pupils will have explored Internet safety and harm, they will spend time looking at the media and how it can affect people. This will encompass teaching about social media and knowing how to be a discerning consumer of the Internet.

Harmful Substances

Pupils will look at the potential effects of harmful substances and the need for legal drugs such as medicines. They will also examine the positive effects of a healthy and active lifestyle on both physical and mental health including the negative affects obesity can have.

Respect and Tolerance

Finally, Year 6 pupils will look at the Fundamental British Value of respect and tolerance to conclude their PSHCE studies.

Relationships

In relationships education, Year 6 will build upon their learning from previous years and explore a variety of subjects to do with relationships. The pupils will begin with looking at marriage, civil partnership and the laws associated with this. Pupils will explore same-sex marriage. In order to be factually correct, all information taught will come from the marriage act.

Families

Pupils will then look at how families are different and many types of family including but not limited to: single parents, step and half siblings and same-sex parents. The previous years’ work on respect and tolerance should prepare the Year 6 pupils for these lessons.

Online Safety

In order to prepare the pupils for secondary school, we will cover increased responsibility with age as well as how to seek help with lifestyle changes as one gets older. As their final studies into Relationships Education, Year 6 will build upon the studies from the previous year into online safety. Later in the year, Year 6 will spend a half-term discussing Internet safety and harm.

Socialism

For their learning into political systems, the Year 6 pupils will explore the concept of Socialism. They should be able to use their knowledge from previous years to inform this learning, as this is a more complex concept.

Autumn 1

Relationships

  • What will change as we become more independent?
  • How do friendships change as we grow?

Autumn 2

What is Socialism? book cover

Democracy and Understanding Different Political Systems

  • What is socialism?

Spring 1

Health and Well-being

  • How can we keep healthy as we grow?

Spring 2

Living in the Wider World

  • How can the media influence people?

Summer 1

Health and Well-being

  • How can drugs common to everyday life affect health?

Summer 2

Respect and Tolerance book cover

Preparing to Play an Active Role as Citizens

  • What is respect and tolerance?