PSHCE Curriculum

The PSHCE topics covered have been chosen in relation to the statutory 2019 guidance for Relationships Education, Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) and Health Education (https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/changes-to-personal-social-health-and-economic-pshe-and-relationships-and-sex-education-rse) and the teaching of political systems and fundamental British Values.

PSHCE illustration

Year 3

Week 1

Outcome

  • To assess how friendships support wellbeing

Week 2

Outcome

  • To explain how friendships support wellbeing of others

Week 3

Outcome

  • To recognise how to manage friendships

Week 4

Outcome

  • To identify how families care and support each other

Week 5

Outcome

  • To identify how families care and support each other

Week 6

Outcome

  • To describe the importance of shared experiences in family life

Week 7

Outcome

  • To assess knowledge and understanding of how we can be a good friend and what families are like

Week 1

Outcome

  • To explain what is meant by monarchy

Week 2

Outcome

  • To compare historic monarchies

Week 3

Outcome

  • To recognise features of modern monarchies

Week 4

Outcome

  • To identify powerful monarchies in the world today

Week 5

Outcome

  • To discuss the future role of monarchy

Week 6

Outcome

  • To assess my knowledge and understanding of monarchy

Week 7

Outcome

  • To debate the best kind of monarchy

Week 1

Outcome

  • To discuss how risks can be controlled

Week 2

Outcome

  • To apply controlling risk to everyday situations

Week 3

Outcome

  • To use strategies to respond to negative pressure

Week 4

Outcome

  • To recognise that safety and privacy are rights

Week 5

Outcome

  • To summarise everyday health and hygiene routines
  • To assess knowledge and understanding about what keeps us safe

Week 6

Outcome

  • To assess accidents and make good decisions

Week 1

Outcome

  • To discuss and compare different groups within my community

Week 2

Outcome

  • To recognise different values of belonging to a community

Week 3

Outcome

  • To analyse different communities within society

Week 4

Outcome

  • To explain how communities help to make everyone feel included

Week 5

Outcome

  • To explore the meaning of respectful behaviour within our community

Week 6

Outcome

  • To identify a range of actions that impact different communities
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of what makes a community

Week 1

Outcome

  • To identify key aspects of physical health

Week 2

Outcome

  • To illustrate the importance of a balanced diet

Week 3

Outcome

  • To recognise the importance of oral hygiene

Week 4

Outcome

  • To justify the health benefits of physical activity

Week 5

Outcome

  • To summarise health benefits and routines around sleep
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of health and well-being

Week 6

Outcome

  • To make healthy lifestyle choices

Week 1

Outcome

  • To examine the right of freedom of expression

Week 2

Outcome

  • To explain the meanings of key freedoms

Week 3

Outcome

  • To explain the importance of the Magna Carta

Week 4

Outcome

  • To illustrate Human Rights

Week 5

Outcome

  • To examine children’s special rights

Week 6

Outcome

  • To recognise rights in real life situations

Relationships

Year 3 start by studying Relationships Education covering the age appropriate outcomes that are statutory as per the 2019 government guidance. This includes forging and maintaining positive friendships. This is vital to Year 3 as the children are new to the Junior School and their friendships are likely to have changed from KS1. As part of the topic of Relationships Education, Year 3 will also study the characteristics of a healthy family life and how families support each other.

Monarchy

Year 3 study the political system of monarchy discussing the future of modern monarchy and the future of the monarchy, this forms part of the citizenship element of PSHCE.

Safety

Next, Year 3 will consider the topic of ‘being safe’. The sequence of learning and learning objectives for this topic have been taken from the government guidance and made age appropriate. These studies will examine the correct responses to negatives pressures and adults they may not know. Pupils will also study knowing how to report concerns or abuse, and will be equipped with the vocabulary and confidence needed to do so as well as recognising feelings of being unsafe around certain adults. As they are important issues, these topics are revisited throughout the entire PSHCE program of study.

Living in the Wider World

Year 3 will also discuss the concept of living in the wider world and integral to these studies is the examination of stereotypes, communities and respectful behaviour.

Hygiene and Well-being

Children will build upon their knowledge of hygiene and will examine physical well-being encompassing dental hygiene and why it is important to eat and sleep well.

Individual Liberty

Finally, in Year 3, pupils explore the Fundamental British Value of individual liberty. This is because, as set out by the government’s 2014 prevent strategy, all schools have a duty to ‘actively promote’ the fundamental British values.

Autumn 1

Relationships

  • How can we be a good friend and what are families like?

Autumn 2

What is a Monarchy? book cover

Democracy and Understanding Different Political Systems

  • What is monarchy?

Spring 1

Health and Well-being

  • What keeps us safe?

Spring 2

Living in the Wider World

  • What makes a community?

Summer 1

Health and Well-being

  • Why should we eat well and look after our teeth? 
  • Why should we keep active and sleep well?

Summer 2

Individual Liberty book cover

Preparing to Play an Active Role as Citizens

  • What is individual liberty?

Year 4

Week 1

Outcome

  • To demonstrate how behaviour affects myself and others, including online behaviour

Week 2

Outcome

  • To explain how being polite and courteous in different situations and recognise the respectful behaviour that should be received

Week 3

Outcome

  • To explain the link between rights and responsibilities and those of a child

Week 4

Outcome

  • To revise my understanding of the terms “secrecy” and “privacy”

Week 5

Outcome

  • To evaluate why it is important to ensure that everyone feels included

Week 6

Outcome

  • To demonstrate appropriate responses to different negative behaviours

Week 7

Outcome

  • To assess knowledge and understanding of how we treat each other with respect

Week 1

Outcome

  • To compare parliamentary and presidential government

Week 2

Outcome

  • To describe the structure of UK Parliament

Week 3

Outcome

  • To compare the Houses of Commons and Lords

Week 4

Outcome

  • To recap general elections and voting systems

Week 5

Outcome

  • To discuss how parliaments make laws

Week 6

Outcome

  • To assess my knowledge of parliamentary government

Week 7

Outcome

  • To debate the future of parliaments

Week 1

Outcome

  • To recognise qualities that make people unique

Week 2

Outcome

  • To illustrate the importance of self-esteem and how to maintain it

Week 3

Outcome

  • To analyse personal qualities and achievements

Week 4

Outcome

  • To set goals with achievable steps

Week 5

Outcome

  • To use strategies to overcome set-backs (+assessment)

Week 6

Outcome

  • To assess and review goals for the end of year 4

Week 1

Week 2

Week 3

Week 4

Week 5

Week 6

Week 1

Outcome

  • To discuss what emotions and feelings are and how they arise

Week 2

Outcome

  • To assess strategies for expressing feelings

Week 3

Outcome

  • To recognise that feelings and emotions change

Week 4

Outcome

  • To develop strategies for coping with loss and change

Week 5

Outcome

  • To manage everyday feelings
    (+assessment)

Week 6

Outcome

  • To practise emotional intelligence

Week 1

Outcome

  • To discuss the development of UK democracy

Week 2

Outcome

  • To examine how decisions are made in UK democracy

Week 3

Outcome

  • To demonstrate how debates work in Parliament

Week 4

Outcome

  • To demonstrate how elections work

Week 5

Outcome

  • To debate fairness in a democracy

Week 5

Outcome

  • To make a decision democratically

Relationships

In Year 4 the statutory guidance states that pupils should learn about treating others with respect. Building on their knowledge of respect from Year 3, pupils in Year 4 will discuss what respectful relationships are as well as exploring what bullying is (including cyber bullying).

Democracy

Year 4 will also look at the political system of parliamentary government and democracy also fulfilling the requirement to teach Fundamental British Values.

Strengths, Skills and Interests

In order to prepare the pupils for later life, in Year 4, pupils will study the importance of strengths, skills and interests. They will use this information to ascertain how to set achievable goals and overcome potential setbacks.

 

Building on this, Year 4 will examine how our choices can make a difference to others and the environment, particularly thinking about how we have respectful and caring relationships in which we re compassionate to others.

Managing Emotions

As the pupils come to the end of the year they will learn about managing emotions and will be equipped with the vocabulary to express how they manage emotions. This will prepare them for their learning in Year 5 about the changing adolescent body and how hormones can cause emotional changes also.

Autumn 1

Relationships

  • How do we treat each other with respect?

Autumn 2

What is a Parliamentary Government? book cover

Democracy and Understanding Different Political Systems

  • What is parliamentary government?

Spring 1

Health and Well-being

  • What strengths, skills and interests do we have?

Spring 2

Living in the Wider World

  • How can our choices make a difference to others and the environment?

Summer 1

Health and Well-being

  • How can we manage our feelings?

Summer 2

Democracy book cover

Preparing to Play an Active Role as Citizens

  • What is democracy?

Year 5

Week 1

Outcome

  • To compare different types of relationships

Week 2

Outcome

  • To distinguish how friends and family communicate together and explain why this is important

Week 3

Outcome

  • To critique the term “know somebody”

Week 4

Outcome

  • France residential and Harvest Festival rehearsal

Week 5

Outcome

  • To recognise risk in relationships and act on this appropriately

Week 6

Outcome

  • To analyse the types of online content and the importance of giving and ensuring consent is given for online usage

Week 7

Outcome

  • To explore appropriate ways to ask for help or advice and respond appropriately

Week 8

Outcome

  • To assess knowledge and understanding of relationships

Week 1

Outcome

  • To explain the origins and types of democracy

Week 2

Outcome

  • To discuss the development of democracy

Week 3

Outcome

  • To explain how democracy works

Week 4

Outcome

  • To discuss why elections happen

Week 5

Outcome

  • To recognise that not everyone has democracy

Week 6

Outcome

  • To assess my knowledge and understanding of democracy

Week 7

Outcome

  • To debate the future of democracy

Week 1

Outcome

  • To explain factors that make up a person’s identity

Week 2

Outcome

  • To recognise similarities and differences in people’s identities

Week 3

Outcome

  • To question the factual accuracy of stereotypes

Week 4

Outcome

  • To challenge assumptions about others

Week 5

Outcome

  • To employ strategies to support others
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of identity

Week 6

Outcome

  • To use learning to create role-play

Week 1

Outcome

  • To recognise what makes something valuable for money

Week 2

Outcome

  • To identify different methods of tracking finances and savings

Week 3

Outcome

  • To analyse how money can affect people’s feelings and emotions

Week 4

Outcome

  • To understand how retailers try to influence our spending

Week 5

Outcome

  • To recognise the risks associated with money

Week 6

Outcome

  • To analyse how our economy works and is sustained
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of decisions people can make with money and jobs would like

Week 1

Outcome

  • To summarise the purpose, applications and effects of legal drugs

Week 2

Outcome

  • To explain why some drugs are illegal

Week 3

Outcome

  • To analyse laws about drugs

Week 4

Outcome

  • To illustrate how legal drugs can be used safely

Week 5

Outcome

  • To identify features and effects of drug addiction
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of how drugs effect health

Week 6

Outcome

  • To explain how and where to get advice and support about drugs

Week 1

Outcome

  • To know what is meant by obeying the law

Week 2

Outcome

  • To recall how laws are created

Week 3

Outcome

  • To compare different kinds of rules and laws

Week 4

Outcome

  • To explain how the justice system works

Week 5

Outcome

  • To recognise law around us
  • Quiz: To assess my understanding of law

Week 6

Outcome

  • To examine real laws around us

Relationships

When studying Relationships Education, Year 5 will begin by comparing the different types of relationships, which leads into their studies on online safety.  As Year 5 is an age whereby the pupils are using the Internet more this is an appropriate place for a unit of online safety lessons to be placed.

First Aid, Emergency and Health

Year 5 will also discuss basic first aid skills such as how to make an emergency call and the potential effects of sun exposure. Pupils will also discuss important issues such as the facts and science behind immunisations, vaccinations and allergies. As is pertinent at the time of writing this with the COVID-19 outbreak – Year 5 will also have a specific lesson on how bacteria and viruses are spread and treated.

Economy

As the E in PSHCE stands for economics, Year 5 pupils will explore money in a number of ways. They will investigate how one can track and save money, how money can affect a person’s emotions and the risks that can be associated with money.

The Changing Adolescent Body

In Year 5, pupils will study the changing adolescent body. The sequence of learning for this comes from the Department of Education’s training resources for this unit.

Rule of Law

Finally, Year 5 will explore the rule of law as a fundamental British value.

Autumn 1

Relationships

  • How can friends communicate safely?

Autumn 2

What is a Decomcracy? book cover

Democracy and understanding different political systems

  • What is democracy?

Spring 1

Health and well-being

  • What makes up our identity?

Spring 2

Living in the Wider World

  • What decisions can people make with money?

Summer 1

Health and Well-being

  • How do we change and grow?

Summer 2

Obeying the Law book cover

Preparing to Play an Active Role as Citizens

  • What is the rule of law?

Year 6

Week 1

Outcome

  • To explain how adults can choose to be part of a committed relationship or not, including marriage or civil partnership

Week 2

Outcome

  • To assess some of the laws that are involved in marriage and explain their importance

Week 3

Outcome

  • To manage changes that will occur throughout childhood

Week 4

Outcome

  • To acknowledge that friendships may change overtime and manage these effectively

Week 5

Outcome

  • To recognise changes, independence and increased responsibility as we age

Week 6

Outcome

  • To  explain how and when to seek help about lifestyle changes

Week 7

Outcome

  • To recognise that there are different family combinations

Week 8

Outcome

  • To assess knowledge and understanding or families and marriage

Week 1

Outcome

  • To discuss what is meant by socialism

Week 2

Outcome

  • To describe the development of socialism

Week 3

Outcome

  • To compare different types of socialism

Week 4

Outcome

  • To describe how socialism works

Week 5

Outcome

  • To discuss life under socialism

Week 6

Outcome

  • To assess my knowledge

Week 7

Outcome

  • To debate whether socialism is relevant today

Week 1

Outcome

  • To identify features of a healthy physical state

Week 2

Outcome

  • To identify features of a healthy mental state

Week 3

Outcome

  • To compare healthy and unhealthy habits

Week 4

Outcome

  • To recognise the role of pursuing interests in enhancing well-being

Week 5

Outcome

  • To uphold my own and others’ rights
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of how to keep healthy

Week 6

Outcome

  • To make my own independent choices

Week 1

Outcome

  • To analyse different rules of social media and its importance

Week 2

Outcome

  • To interpret different messages from the media and how they can influence decision making

Week 3

Outcome

  • To evaluate the reliability of different types of content online

Week 4

Outcome

  • To explain the important of decision making when viewing content online

Week 5

Outcome

  • To discuss and understand how to respond to information viewed online

Week 6

Outcome

  • To identify and explore how the media can affect an individual’s wellbeing
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of how the media can influence people?

Week 1

Week 2

Week 3

Week 4

Week 5

Week 6

Week 1

Outcome

  • To explain the development of tolerance and respect in the UK

Week 2

Outcome

  • To examine how words matter
  • To dramatize respect for appearance and how we speak

Week 3

Rhos y Gwaliau

Week 4

Outcome

  • To compare respect for beliefs now and in the past

Week 5

Outcome

  • To recognise respect at home and at work
  • Quiz: To assess my knowledge of tolerance and respect

Week 6

Outcome

  • To discuss intergenerational respect

Social Media

As the pupils will have explored Internet safety and harm, they will spend time looking at the media and how it can affect people. This will encompass teaching about social media and knowing how to be a discerning consumer of the Internet.

Harmful Substances

Pupils will look at the potential effects of harmful substances and the need for legal drugs such as medicines. They will also examine the positive effects of a healthy and active lifestyle on both physical and mental health including the negative affects obesity can have.

Respect and Tolerance

Finally, Year 6 pupils will look at the Fundamental British Value of respect and tolerance to conclude their PSHCE studies.

Relationships

In relationships education, Year 6 will build upon their learning from previous years and explore a variety of subjects to do with relationships. The pupils will begin with looking at marriage, civil partnership and the laws associated with this. Pupils will explore same-sex marriage. In order to be factually correct, all information taught will come from the marriage act.

Families

Pupils will then look at how families are different and many types of family including but not limited to: single parents, step and half siblings and same-sex parents. The previous years’ work on respect and tolerance should prepare the Year 6 pupils for these lessons.

Online Safety

In order to prepare the pupils for secondary school, we will cover increased responsibility with age as well as how to seek help with lifestyle changes as one gets older. As their final studies into Relationships Education, Year 6 will build upon the studies from the previous year into online safety. Later in the year, Year 6 will spend a half-term discussing Internet safety and harm.

Socialism

For their learning into political systems, the Year 6 pupils will explore the concept of Socialism. They should be able to use their knowledge from previous years to inform this learning, as this is a more complex concept.

Autumn 1

Relationships

  • What will change as we become more independent?
  • How do friendships change as we grow?

Autumn 2

What is Socialism? book cover

Democracy and Understanding Different Political Systems

  • What is socialism?

Spring 1

Health and Well-being

  • How can we keep healthy as we grow?

Spring 2

Living in the Wider World

  • How can the media influence people?

Summer 1

Health and Well-being

  • How can drugs common to everyday life affect health?

Summer 2

Respect and Tolerance book cover

Preparing to Play an Active Role as Citizens

  • What is respect and tolerance?