Geography

A high-quality geography education should inspire pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical processes.

 

Geography presents a unique contribution to the national curriculum. It studies people’s interaction with the environment. It allows children to explore social, environmental, economic and political aspects of place, whilst comparing local and global settings. Pupils should be given the opportunity to develop a sense of enquiry which encourages them to question and make suggestions about people, places and events.

Read Our Geography Policy

Two boys doing gardening

Meet the Eco Committee

We are the mighty Eco Committee and our job is to help the planet by spreading awareness of environmental issues and doing our best to lead change.

Curriculum Sequence and Progression

Y3 – Autumn

Volcanoes, earthquakes and tsunamis

Y3 – Spring

UK Maps

UK

Y3 – Summer

Primary Atlas

Land use

Y4 – Autumn

Comparing and contrasting the Americas

Y4 – Spring

Brazil

Brazil

Y4 – Summer

Biomes — Rainforest

Y5 – Autumn

Rivers

Y5 – Spring

Europe - The Study Book

Europe

Y5 – Summer

Population Settlement

Greater London – population and settlement

Y6 – Autumn

Trade and Economy

Y6 – Spring

Mountains

Mountains

Y6 – Summer

Earth's Resources

Earth’s resources

Curriculum – weekly lessons

Week 1

Rules, expectations and presentation

 

Week 2

Outcome

  • To name regions of the Americas and locate the countries of North and South America

 

Revision

  • To recap on the difference between human and physical Geography

Week 3

Outcome

  • To relate the pre-Columbian cultures to areas of North America and South America – and link the naming of US states and languages spoken to pre-Columbian cultures and European settlers

Revision

  • To explain what is a natural disaster

Week 4

Outcome

  • To recognise key characteristics of the biomes of the Americas

 

Revision

  • To describe the layers of the earth

Week 5

Outcome

  • To relate latitude as a key factor affecting climate and biomes

 

Revision

  • To describe the features of a volcano

Week 6

Outcome

  • To compare coasts of UK and the Americas

 

Revision

  • To know the regions where volcanic activity occurs

Week 7

Outcome

  • To recognise some of the natural landmarks and landscapes of North America (plains, Rocky mountains, The Great Lakes, Niagara Falls, Grand Canyon) with a case study of Tornado Alley

 

Revision

  • To explain what are plate margins

Week 8

Outcome

  • To recognise some of the natural landmarks and landscapes of Central America (rainforests, Ring of Fire – Popacatepetl, The Caribbean archipelago, Chihuahuan desert, Lacandon Jungle)

 

Revision

  • To describe how volcanoes impact life

Week 1

Outcome

  • To empathise with people in different regions

 

Revision

  • To name the capital cities of the four nations of the UK

Week 2

Outcome

  • To explain what an earthquake is

 

Revision

  • Identify the nation of the UK from the description

Week 3

Outcome

  • To describe tectonic plates and the San Andreas Fault

Revision

  • To assess knowledge and understanding of volcanoes

Week 4

Outcome

  • To describe how to measure earthquakes

 

Revision

  • Locate the North Sea, Irish Sea, English Channel and the Atlantic Ocean

Week 5

Outcome

  • To explain what happens during an earthquake and the impact this can have on human settlements

 

Revision

  • Identify rivers, forests and mountains on a map

Week 6

Outcome

  • To explain how tsunamis are created and the impact the impact they can have on human settlements

 

Revision

  • To assess knowledge and understanding of earthquakes and tsunamis

Week 7

Outcome

  • To describe how humans have adapted to living in a natural disaster zones

Week 1

Outcome

  • Pre EV: To explain how people can predict natural disasters

 

Revison

  • Identify urban and rural settlements on a map

Week 2

Trip to Natural History Museum – volcanoes and earthquakes exhibit

 

Revision

  • Identify and define key human geographical features in images and maps, including: city, town and village

Week 3

Outcome

  • What are the benefits of living near a volcano?

 

Revision

  • Identify and define key human geographical features in images and maps, including: factory and farm

Week 4

Outcome

  • To plan a geography essay
  • What are the benefits of living near the coast (particularly in a region which is more vulnerable to tsunamis)

 

Revison

  • Identify and define key human geographical features in images and maps, including: house, office and shop

Week 5

Outcome

  • Essay: Why are regions which are vulnerable to Natural Disasters also attractive places to live?

 

Revison

  • Identify and define key human geographical features in images and maps, including: port and harbour

Week 6

Outcome

  • To be able to edit and improve a geography essay
  • Why are regions which are vulnerable to Natural Disasters also attractive places to live?

 

Revison

  • To assess  my knowledge and understanding of Natural Disasters

Week 1

Outcome

  • To locate the UK in the world and Europe

 

Revision

  • To locate countries, cities and physical features of Europe

Week 2

Outcome

  • To locate and compare the four nations of the UK and their four capital cities

 

Revision

  • To locate and compare the four nations of the UK and their capital cities

Week 3

Outcome

  • To describe settlements in the UK in the past

 

Revision

  • To locate major cities, their counties and nations

Week 4

Outcome

  • To compare and contrast types of houses, villages, towns and cities

 

Revision

  • To locate major rivers and mountains in the UK

Week 5

Outcome

  • To assess knowledge and understanding of settlement and land use in the UK

 

Revision

  • To locate major forests and lakes in the UK

Week 6

Outcome

  • To explain how major urban areas are connected by road and rail

 

Revision

  • To describe the weather in the UK and compare to other global locations

Week 1

Outcome

  • To define the terms immigration, emigration, migration and internal migration

Week 2

Outcome

  • To explain why tourists come to the UK and to know major airports

Week 3

Trip to Stansted Airport

Week 4

Outcome

  • Essay: To describe the economic arguments in favour and the ecological arguments against HS2

Week 5

Outcome

  • Essay: To describe the economic arguments in favour and the ecological arguments against HS2

Week 6

Outcome

  • To explain which food is most suited to being farmed in the UK climate

Week 1

Outcome

  • To know the main landscape features in the UK

Week 2

Outcome

  • To locate the main rivers in the UK

Week 3

Outcome

  • To explain what the coast of the UK is like

Week 4

Outcome

  • To describe the weather in the UK and compare to other global locations

Week 5

Outcome

  • To assess knowledge and understanding of settlement and land use in the UK

Week 6

Outcome

  • To explain how major urban areas are connected by road and rail

Week 1

Rules, systems, expectations

 

Revision

  • Stick self-Assessment in and look at general overview

Week 2

Outcome

  • To locate continents, the equator and the tropics

 

Revision

  • To recap on the difference between human and physical Geography

Week 4

Outcome

  • To identify three facts about the Americas
  • Knowledge organiser

 

Revision

  • What is a natural disaster

Week 3

Outcome

  • To locate the countries of North and South America

 

Revision

  • Describe the layers of the earth

Week 5

Outcome

  • To use geographical terminology to describe the location of a range of places across the Americas

 

Revision

  • Features of a volcano

Week 6

Outcome

  • To identify the differences in landscapes across the Americas

 

Revision

  • Where does volcanic activity occur

Week 7

Outcome

  • To identify physical and human geographical features of my local area

 

Revision

  • How volcanoes impact life

Week 1

Outcome

  • To recognise some of the natural landmarks and landscapes of South America (Amazon rainforest and river, Angel and Iguazu Falls, Andes, Atacama desert)

 

Revision

  • To explain how earthquakes occur

Week 2

Outcome

  • To compare and contrast the physical geography of North and South America (essay lesson)

 

Revision

  • To describe the impacts of an earthquake

Week 3

Outcome

  • To compare and contrast the physical geography of North and South America (essay lesson)

 

Revision

  • To discuss the benefits and hazards of living near natural disasters

Week 4

Outcome

  • To examine types of settlements in the Americas

 

Revision

  • To recall the benefits of living near the coast (particularly in a region which is more vulnerable to tsunamis)

Week 5

Outcome

  • To recognise man made landmarks of North America: Statue of Liberty, El Castilllo, The White House, Mount Rushmore, Golden Gate Bridge, First nations totem pole, Disneyland

 

Revision

  • To explain why regions which are vulnerable to Natural Disasters also attractive places to live

Week 6

Outcome

  • To recognise man made landmarks of South America:  Statue of Christ the Redeemer, Macchu Picchu, Nazca lines, ALMA, Cathedral of Brasilia

 

Revision

  • To explain how to prepare for an earthquake

Week 7

Outcome

  • To discuss economic activity in North America

 

Revision

  • To recall the impacts of an earthquake

Week 1

Outcome

  • To discuss economic activity in South America

 

Revision

  • To explain what a tsunami is

Week 2

Outcome

  • To compare and contrast sport, culture, food and drink of North America and South America

 

Revision

  • To recall what is the difference between an earthquake and a tsunami

Week 3

Outcome

  • To compare and contrast sport, culture, food and drink of North America and South America

 

Revision

  • To explain how to measure earthquakes

Week 4

Outcome

  • Assess knowledge and understanding of North and South America

 

Revision

  • To identify countries and capitals in Europe

Week 5

Outcome

  • To identify the main physical features of Brazil and three major cities

 

Revision

  • To identify the four nations of the UK

Week 6

Outcome

  • To know the geographical regions of Brazil and six major ecosystems in Brazil known as: Tropical rainforest (Amazonia), The Cerrado, The Pantanal, The Pampas, The Caatinga, The Mata Atlantica

 

Revision

  • To identify the four capital cities within the nations of the UK

Outcome

  • To understand a folk story: view and listen to Bookbox: La princesse fermière
  • Pre-teach key vocab: la princesse, le roi, la sécheresse, l’araignée, le chat, le fermier (princess, king, drought, spider, cat, farmer).

Week 1

Outcome

  • To identify the natural landmarks of Brazil

 

Revision

  • To describe settlements in the UK in the past

Week 2

Outcome

  • To describe the main push/pull factors in land use in Brazil

 

Revision

  • To compare and contrast types of houses, villages, towns and cities

Week 3

Outcome

  • To compare the lives of the rich and poor in Rio de Janeiro

 

Revision

  • To explain how major urban areas are connected by road and rail

Week 4

Outcome

  • To compare the similarities and differences between the lives of the indigenous people and other people living in Brazil

 

Revision

  • To define the terms immigration, emigration, migration and internal migration

Week 5

Outcome

  • To describe the threats facing the indigenous people of Brazil
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of human and physical geography of Brazil

Week 6

Outcome

  • To examine and evaluate Brazilian climate data

 

Revision

  • To explain why tourists come to the UK and know major airports

Week 1

Outcome

  • To define the term biome

 

Revision

  • To understand the economic arguments in favour the ecological arguments in against building HS2

Week 2

Outcome

  • To know that there are different types of forest (boreal/taiga, deciduous, temperate rainforest and tropical rainforest)

 

Revision

  • To explain which food is most suited to being farmed in the climate of the UK

Week 3

Outcome

  • To describe the location of the three largest rainforests in the world

 

Revision

  • To know the main landscape features in the UK

Week 4

Outcome

  • To compare the climate and rainfall of temperate and tropical rainforests

 

Revision

  • To locate main rivers in the UK

Week 1

Outcome

  • To compare the layers and wildlife of temperate and tropical rainforests

 

Revision

  • To explain what the coast of the UK is like

Week 2

Trip to London Zoo Rainforest workshop

 

Week 1

Outcome

  • To compare grasslands and savannahs of the Serengeti

 

Week 2

Outcome

  • To describe the climate and landscape of deserts, tundra and ice biomes

Week 3

Outcome

  • To compare and contrast The Sahara Desert and Antartica

Week 4

Outcome

  • To be able to identify polar, temperate and tropical oceans

Week 5

Outcome

  • To examine the natural resources and threats to the Great Barrier Reef
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of biomes

Week 5

Outcome

  • Essay: To compare and contrast the climate and landscape of different biomes

 

Week 1

Rules, systems, expectations

 

Revision

  • Stick self-Assessment in and look at general overview

Week 2

Outcome

  • To know the water cycle and its features

 

Revision

  • To name regions of the Americas and locate the countries of North and South America

Week 3

Outcome

  • To understand the process of evaporation and transpiration

 

Revision

  • To recognise key characteristics of the biomes of the Americas

Week 4

Outcome

  • To understand the process of condensation and precipitation

 

Revision

  • To relate latitude as a key factor affecting climate and biomes

Week 5

France residential and Harvest Festival rehearsal

Week 6

Outcome

  • To understand the process of accumulation and river basin

 

Revision

  • To compare coasts of UK and the Americas

Week 7

Outcome

  • To examine where water is stored and what it is used for

 

Revision

  • To recognise some of the natural landmarks and landscapes of North America

Week 8

Outcome

  • To explain how humans influence and are influenced by the water cycle

 

Revision

  • To recognise some of the natural landmarks and landscapes of Central America

Week 1

Outcome

  • To describe the structure of a river

 

Revision

  • To recognise some of the natural landmarks and landscapes of South America

Week 2

Epping Forest Fieldwork

  • To interpret and locate the River Roding and its environment

Week 3

Outcome

  • To assess and apply the field work and findings gathered from the River Roding

 

Revision

  • To compare and contrast the physical geography of North and South America

Week 4

Outcome

  • To identify different forms of river erosion

 

Revision

  • To examine types of settlements in the Americas

Week 5

Outcome

  • To describe a range of river formations

 

Revision

  • To recognise man made landmarks of North America

Week 6

Outcome

  • To identify and examine the different types of coast

 

Revision

  • To recognise man made landmarks of South America

Week 7

Outcome

  • To understand how coasts are changed by coastal erosion

 

Revision

  • To discuss economic activity in North America

Week 1

Outcome

  • To examine how flooding affects humans and the environment

 

Revision

  • To discuss economic activity in South America

Week 2

Outcome

  • To compare and contrast a range of flood defences for rivers
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of rivers and coasts

 

Revision

  • To compare and contrast sport, culture, food and drink of North America and South America

Week 3

Outcome

  • To identify how humans use the resources of rivers and coasts

 

Revision

  • To compare and contrast sport, culture, food and drink of North America and South America

Week 4

Outcome

  • Essay: How do rivers and coasts change over time?

 

Revision

  • To identify the main physical features of Brazil and three major cities

Week 5

Outcome

  • To understand the concept of population and settlement

 

Revision

  • To identify the main physical features of Brazil and three major cities

Week 6

Outcome

  • To define the term population and explain how it changes

 

Revision

  • To know the geographical regions of Brazil

Week 1

Outcome

  • To analyse population structure using population pyramids

 

Revision

  • To identify the natural landmarks of Brazil

Week 2

Outcome

  • To consider the different ways of living between countries

 

Revision

  • To describe the main push/pull factors in land use in Brazil

Week 3

Outcome

  • To know the term migration and explain reasons for migration to the UK (London)

 

Revision

  • To compare the lives of the rich and poor in Rio de Janeiro

Week 4

Outcome

  • To identify the distribution of resources across the world

 

Revision

  • To compare the similarities and differences between the lives of the indigenous people and other people living in Brazil

Week 5

Outcome

  • To identify a range of settlements
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of population and settlement

 

Revision

  • To describe the threats facing the indigenous people of Brazil

Week 6

Outcome

  • To compare and contrast a range of settlement layouts

 

Revision

  • To examine and evaluate Brazilian climate data

Week 1

Outcome

  • To analyse how settlements change over time

 

Revision

  • To define the term biome

Week 2

Outcome

  • Essay: Why do people move to London?

 

Revision

  • To know that there are different types of forest (boreal/taiga, deciduous, temperate rainforest and tropical rainforest)

Week 3

Outcome

  • To describe the three main climates of Europe

 

Trip to Museum of London Docklands

  • To discuss London’s history and how that has impacted the city it is today

Week 4

Outcome

  • To identify the countries of Western Europe

 

Revision

 

  • To describe the location of the three largest rainforests in the world

Week 5

Outcome

  • To identify the countries of Northern Europe

 

Revision

  • To compare the climate and rainfall of temperate and tropical rainforests

Week 6

Outcome

  • To identify the countries of Eastern Europe

 

Revision

  • To compare the layers and wildlife of temperate and tropical rainforests

Week 1

Outcome

  • To identify the countries of Central Europe

Week 2

Outcome

  • To identify the countries of Southern Europe

Week 3

Outcome

  • To describe the physical characteristics found in Europe
  • To assess knowledge and understanding of Europe

Week 4

Outcome

  • To describe the human characteristics found in Europe

Week 5

Outcome

  • Essay: What physical features of Europe attract tourists to visit

Week 6

Outcome

  • To recall key knowledge about Europe and compare it to another continent

Week 1

Rules, expectations and presentation

Week 2

Outcome

  • To explain what is meant by the term trade

 

Revision

  • To label the features of the water cycle

Week 3

Outcome

  • To recall the UK’s top exports

 

Revision

  • To describe the features found in the water cycle

Week 4

Outcome

  • To recall the UK’s top imports

 

Revision

  • To describe evaporation

Week 5

Outcome

  • To compare British imports and exports

 

Revision

  • To describe transpiration

Week 6

Outcome

  • To identify the UK’s top trading partners

 

Revision

  • To describe condensation

Week 7

Outcome

  • To evaluate the benefits of the global food trade

 

Revision

  • To describe precipitation

Week 8

Outcome

  • To assess my knowledge and understanding of trade

 

Revision

  • To describe the process of accumulation

Outcome

  • Holiday destinations (2)
  • Consolidate simple opinions and how to give reasons

Week 1

Outcome

  • To analyse the stages of the Global Supply Chain

 

Revision

  • To explain the uses of water

Week 2

Outcome

  • To define Fair Trade and explain why it is a necessity

 

RevisionT

  • To explain how humans are influenced by the water cycle

Week 3

Outcome

  • Case study: To explain how trade has changed throughout history

 

Revision

  • To explain how humans influence the water cycle

Week 4

Outcome

  • Case study: To explain how trade has changed throughout history

 

Revision

  • To describe the structure of a river

Week 5

Outcome

  • Essay: Is trade simply the exchange of items?

 

Revision

  • To identify different forms of river erosion

Week 6

Outcome

  • Essay: Is trade simply the exchange of items?

 

Revision

  • To identify river formations

Week 7

Outcome

  • To assess my knowledge and understanding of trade

 

Revision

  • To identify different types of coast

Week 1

Outcome

  • To identify the major mountain ranges on earth

 

Revision

  • To explain the term coastal erosion

Week 2

Outcome

  • To identify the UK mountains

 

Revision

  • To explain how flooding affects the environment

Week 3

Outcome

  • To compare the location of mountains across the world

 

Revision

  • To explain how flooding affects humans

Week 4

Outcome

  • To recall the features of mountains

 

Revision

  • To identify flood defences for rivers

Week 5

Outcome

  • To explain the formation of mountains

 

Revision

  • To recall how humans use rivers and coasts for resources

Week 6

Outcome

  • To compare the types of mountains

 

Revision

  • To define the word population

Week 1

Outcome

  • To compare the climates of mountains

 

Revision

  • To describe how the population changes

Week 2

Outcome

  • To compare the Biomes of mountains

 

Revision

  • To read a population pyramid

Week 3

Outcome

  • To explain what life is like for those living in a mountain

 

Revision

  • To compare the difference of lifestyle in a range of countries

Week 4

Outcome

  • To describe how tourism affects mountain regions
  • To assess my knowledge and understanding of mountains

 

Revision

  • To describe the term migration

Week 5

Outcome

  • Essay:

 

Revision

  • To identify the distribution of resources around the world

Week 6

Outcome

  • Essay:

 

Revision

  • To define the term settlement

Week 1

Outcome

  • To debate the merits of living in a rural or an urban environment

 

Revision

  • To compare and contrast settlements

Week 2

Outcome

  • To identify push and pull factors

 

Revision

  • To explain how settlements change over time

Week 3

Outcome

  • To explain why populations age over time and how an ageing population impacts a community

 

Revision

  • To describe the three main climates of Europe

Week 4

Outcome

  • To interpret population pyramids

 

Revision

  • To identify the countries of Western Europe

Week 5

SATs week

Week 6

Outcome

  • Essay: Should the government spend more money on public service in rural or urban communities?

 

Revision

  • To identify the countries of Northern Europe

Week 1

Outcome

  • Essay: Should the government spend more money on public service in rural or urban communities?

 

Revision

  • To identify the countries of Eastern Europe

Week 2

Outcome

  • To use a map to identify features of a specific area

 

Revision

  • To identify the countries of Central Europe

Week 3

Rhos y Gwaliau

Week 4

Outcome

  • To compare my understanding of South Woodford and Rhos Y Gwaliau

 

Revision

  • To identify the countries of Southern Europe

Week 5

Outcome

  • To apply knowledge of a location to persuasive writing (tourist brochure Rhos y Gwaliau)

 

Revision

  • To describe the physical characteristics found in Europe

Week 6

Outcome

 

 

Revision

  • To describe the human characteristics found in Europe

Beyond the National Curriculum